Select Bibliography on Cork's Trade



Primary Sources

Cork City and County Archives Institutes

  • Committee of Merchants Papers
  • Richard Hare Letterbook
  • Thomas Lyons Correspondence
  • City of Cork Steam Packet Co Ltd.
  • Cork City Port Records

National Archives, Ireland

  • Chief Secretaries Office Registered Papers
  • National Archives, Kew

    • Board of Customs: Statistics: Trade and Shipping
    • Ledgers of Imports and Exports, Ireland 1698-1829
    • Irish Revenue Board and Irish Board of Customs: Entry Book
    • Outport Records:Ireland
    • Ledgers of Imports Under Countries
    • Ledgers of Exports of Foreign and Colonial Merchandise Under Countries

    National Library of Ireland

    • Abstracts of Irish Exports and Imports, in 24 Volumes, for the period 1764-1823

    Parliamentary Papers

    • An account, presented to the House of Commons, respecting the official and the real or current value of the imports and exports of Ireland. H.C. 1803-1804 (93) vii, 443
    • Warehousing ports. Returns of the names of ports to which the privilege of warehousing and bonding has been extended; and of the number of ships belonging to each port. p. 6 H.C. 1828 (244) xix, 583
    • Report from the Select Committee on the Butter Trade of Ireland H.C. 1826 (406) v, 135
    • Petition respecting the Regulation of Markets in the City of Cork H.C. Deb 5 Mar 1812 Vol 21 cc 1169-1201
    • Staves. (Ireland.) Copies of all memorials and communications, addressed by Messrs. Harvey and Co. of Cork, to the Treasury, on the subject of the duties on staves, H.C. 1821 (425) (652) xix, 397, 401
    • (Ireland.) Imports and exports. --(1.)-- A return to an order of the Honourable House of Commons, dated the 8th of March 1822;--for, an account of the imports and exports of Ireland, in the years 1792, 1800, 1810, 1815, 1820, and 1821; distinguishing the countries from which imported, and to which exported, with the official and declared or real value thereof; stated in Irish currency. --(2.)-- An account of the shipping entered inwards and cleared outwards in Ireland, from or to all parts of the world, in the years 1792, 1800, 1810, 1815, 1820, and 1821; distinguishing such as entered inwards or cleared outwards, from or to Great Britain. H.C. 1822 (234), xviii, 473
    • (Ireland.) Accounts of the imports and exports of Ireland; from 25th March 1771 to 5th January 1811: viz. [appendix (G. 3.) in the report from the committee on the public income and expenditure of Ireland, 14 June 1811.] H.C. 1823 (472) xvi, 511
    • Butter. An account of the quantity of butter exported from Ireland, for the last twenty years; distinguishing the ports from which, and the countries to which, exported. H.C. 1826 (338) xxiii, 291
    • Report from the Select Committee on the Butter Trade of Ireland., H.C. 1826 (406)
    • Exports and imports (Ireland.) Account of the exports and imports of Ireland, in the years 1720, 1760, 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820 and 1827, respectively., H.C. 1828 (359) xxii, 111
    • Warehousing ports. Returns of the names of ports to which the privilege of warehousing and bonding has been extended; and of the number of ships belonging to each port., H.C. 1828 (244) xix, 583
    • Cork trade and shipping. An account of the imports into, and exports from the port of Cork, during each of the last six years; and, of the number and tonnage of ships and vessels entered inwards and cleared outwards at the same port, during each of the last fifteen years. H.C. 1831 (283) xvii, 303
    • Tonnage of vessels--(Ireland.) An account of the number of vessels with their tonnage entered inwards and cleared outwards in the last five years, ending 5th January 1835., H.C. 1835 (107) xlviii, 541

    Newspapers

    • The Cork examiner
    • The Cork gazette and general advertiser
    • Cork Mercantile Chronicle
    • Freeman's Journal

    Databases

    • Database of Irish Historical Statistics, (https://www.tcd.ie/iiis/HNAG/HNAG_database.htm)
    • Eighteenth Century Collections Online, (http://gdc.gale.com/products/eighteenth-century-collections-online/)
    • Hansard Corpus: British Parliament, 1803-2005, (http://www.hansard-corpus.org/)
    • Kane, Aidan, ‘Duanaire’, (www.duanaire.ie)
    • UK Data Service, (http://ukdataservice.ac.uk/)

    Unpublished Theses and Working Papers

    • Horta, José António Gonçalves, ‘Images and representations of Ireland in Portugal (1830-1925): geographical knowledge and geographical imagination’,(PhD Thesis, University College Cork, 2009)
    • McCarthy, Patrick J., ‘An economic history of the port of Cork from 1813 to 1900’, (MEconSc Thesis, University College Cork, 1949)
    • O’Brien, Patrick, Provincializing the First Industrial Revolution Economic History Working Paper (2006) (http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/22474/1/wp17.pdf) (12 Feb. 2014)
    • Solar, Peter, ‘Growth and Distribution in Irish Agriculture before the Famine’ (PhD thesis, Stanford University, 1987)
    • Varley, Joe, ‘What was the effect of the British Army and Navy on Cork 1770-1785?’ (MA thesis, University of Exeter, 2012)
    • Velkar, Aashish, ‘Measurements, Standards and Transactions: Measurements in Nineteenth-Century British Economy’ (PhD thesis, London School of Economics, London, 2008)

    Contemporary Sources

    • Aldwell, Alexander, Aldwell’s General Post Office Directory of Cork for the year 1845: List of Traders, Public Officials and Prominent Citizens (Cork, 1845)
    • Cox, Richard, Some Thoughts on the Bill Depending before the Right Honourable the House of Lords, for Prohibiting the Exportation of the Woollen Manufactures of Ireland to Foreign Parts. Humbly offer’d to their Lordships. (1698)
    • Egmont, John Perceval, A Representation of the State of the Trade of Ireland, Laid before the House of Lords of England, on Tuesday the 10th of April, 1750, On Occasion of a Bill before that House, for Laying a Duty on Irish Sail Cloth Imported into Great-Britain. (Dublin, 1750)
    • Irish Railway Commission, J. Gardner, Edward Ross, Richard John Griffith, Henry Drury Harness and Thomas Aiskew Larcom, ‘Atlas to Accompany 2d Report of the Railway Commissioners Ireland 1838.’ (London, 1838)
    • James Johnson, A Tour in Ireland: With Meditations and Reflections. (London, 1844)
    • Jonnès, Alexandre Moreau de, Statistique de la Grande-Bretagne et de l’Irlande (1838)
    • Lavergne, Léonce de, The Rural Economy of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1855
    • Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837)
    • MacNeill, John Gordon Swift, English Interference with Irish Industries (1836)
    • Newenham, Thomas, A View of the Natural, Political, and Commercial Circumstances of Ireland. [With] Appendix, 1809
    • O’Connell, John and Loyal National Repeal Association of Ireland, The ‘Commercial Injustices’ Extract from Appendix of a Report to the Repeal Association, on the General Case of Ireland for a Repeal of the Legislative Union (Ireland, 1843)
    • Orde, Thomas, The Commercial Regulations with Ireland, Explained and Considered, in the Speech of the Right Hon. Mr. Orde upon Opening the Same in the House of Commons of Ireland; with an Authentic Copy of the Propositions, and of the Observations, made upon them by the Committee of Merchants and Traders of the City of London. (London, 1785)
    • Porter, John Grey V, Ireland the Union of 1801, (London, 1844)
    • Townsend, Horace, Statistical survey of the county of Cork, with Observations on the Means of Improvement, 1810
    • Viscount, The Speech of the Right Honorable Lord Viscount Castlereagh, upon Delivering to the House of Commons of Ireland His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant’s message on the subject of an incorporating union with Great Britain... February 5, 1800 (Dublin, 1800)
    • Wakefield, Edward, An Account of Ireland, Statistical and Political Vol 1 and Vol 2 (London, 1812)
    • Wine Merchant and Grocer’s Review, The Great Irish Breweries: XXVIII: Lady’s Well Brewery,Cork (Great Irish Breweries, no.28, [S.l)
    • Young, Sir William, The West-India Common-place Book: Compiled from Parliamentary and Official Documents ; Shewing the Interest of Great Britain in Its Sugar Colonies Etc (1807)

    Secondary Sources

    • Barry, William J., ‘The History of the port of Cork steam navigation, 1815-1915’ in Journals of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, xxiii, no. 13 (1917), pp 1–18;185–199
    • ---, ‘The History of the port of Cork steam navigation, 1815-1922: conclusion’ in Journals of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, xxv, pp 1–15
    • Bielenberg, Andy, Cork’s Industrial Revolution 1780-1880 : Development or Decline? (Cork :, 1991)
    • ---, ‘The Growth and Decline of a Textile Town: Bandon 1770-1840’ in Journals of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, xcvii (1992), pp 111–119
    • ---, Ireland and the Industrial Revolution: The impact of the Industrial Revolution on Irish Industry, 1801-1922 (Routledge explorations in economic history, 43, London ; New York, 2009)
    • Cogan, Paula., The Effects of Industrialisation on the Development of a Town: Ballincollig, and the Royal Gunpowder Mills : a case history 1794-1994, 1995
    • Cronin, Maura, ‘Work and Workers in Cork City and County 1800-1900’ in Cork: History & Society: Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County (Irish County History Series, v.6, Dublin, 1993), pp 721–758
    • Crotty, Raymond D., Irish Agricultural Production, Its Volume and Structure (Cork, 1966)
    • Crowley, John and Michael Murphy, Atlas of Cork City (Cork, Ireland, 2005)
    • Cullen, L. M., Anglo-Irish Trade 1660-1800 (Manchester, 1968)
    • ---, An Economic History of Ireland since 1660 (Studies in Economic and Social History, London, 1972)
    • ---, ‘Merchant Communities, the Navigation Acts and Irish and Scottish Responses’ in T. C. Smout and L. M. Cullen (eds), Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History 1600-1900 (Edinburgh, 1977), pp 165–176
    • Cusack, Mary Francis, A History of the City and County of Cork (Dublin : Cork, 1875)
    • Daly, Mary E., Social and Economic History of Ireland since 1800 (Dublin, 1981)
    • Dickson, David, ‘Butter Comes to the Market: The Origins of Commercial Dairying in County Cork’ in Patrick O’Flanagan and Cornelius G. Buttimer (eds), Cork: History & Society: Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County (Irish County History Series, v.6, Dublin, 1993)
    • ---, ‘Second City Syndrome: Reflections on Three Irish Cases’ in S. J. Connolly (ed.), Kingdoms United?: Great Britain and Ireland since 1500 :Integration and Diversity (Dublin, 1999), pp 95–108
    • ---, Old World Colony: Cork and South Munster 1630-1830 (Cork, 2005)
    • Donnelly, James S., ‘Cork Market: Its Role in the Nineteenth Century Irish Butter Trade’ in Studia Hibernica, no. 11 (1971), pp 130–163
    • ---, The Land and the People of Nineteenth-Century Cork: The Rural Economy and the Land Question (Studies in Irish history, 2nd series, v. 9, London ; Boston, 1975)
    • Feenan, Dermot and Liam Kennedy, ‘Weights and Measures of the Major Food Commodities in Early Nineteenth-Century Ireland: A Regional Perspective’ in Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics, Literature, 102C, no. 2 (2002), pp 21–45
    • Foster, R. F., Modern Ireland 1600-1972 (London, 1988)
    • Hare, Richard, James O’Shea and Irish Manuscripts Commission, The Letterbook of Richard Hare, Merchant of Cork, 1771-1772, 2013
    • Harrison, Richard S., ‘Harvey Deaves and Harvey, merchants : Sidelights on Cork’s Timber Trade, 1760-1848’ in Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, cvii (2002), pp 135–156
    • James, Francis G., ‘Irish Colonial Trade in the Eighteenth Century’ in The William and Mary Quarterly, xx, no. 4 (1963), pp 574–584
    • Jefferies, Henry A, Cork: Historical Perspectives (Dublin ; Portland, OR, 2004)
    • Johns, James, The Celebrated Brewery of Sir John Arnott & Co., Cork (Visits to the different breweries in Ireland, no. 2, Milford Haven, 1873)
    • Kennedy, Liam, ‘The Decline of the Cork Butter Market: A Comment’ in Studia Hibernica, no. 16 (1976), pp 175–177
    • ---, ‘Retail Markets in Rural Ireland at the end of the Nineteenth Century’ in Irish Economic and Social History, v (1978), pp 46–63
    • Kennedy, Liam and Royal Irish Academy, Irish Agriculture: A Price History, from the Mid-Eighteenth Century to the Eve of the First World War (Dublin, 2007)
    • Lee, J.J., ‘Capital in the Irish Economy’ in L.M. Cullen (ed.), The Formation of the Irish Economy (The Thomas Davis lectures, Cork, 1969), pp 53–63
    • ---, The Modernisation of Irish Society, 1848-1918 (Gill history of Ireland, 10, Dublin, 1989)
    • Legg, Marie-Louise, ‘“Irish Wine”: The Import of Claret from Bordeaux to Provincial Ireland in the Eighteenth Century’ in Raymond Gillespie and R. F. Foster (eds), Irish Provincial Cultures in the Long Eighteenth-Century: Making the Middle Sort: Essays for Toby Barnard (Dublin ; Portland, OR, 2012), pp 95–105
    • Lucey, Dermot and Colin. Rynne, Ballincollig Royal Gunpowder Mills, Co. Cork (Cork :, 1988)
    • MacCarthy, John George, The History of Cork (8th edition, Cork, 1879)
    • ---, County and City of Cork : its History, Archaeology, Topography, Literature, Natural History, Geology &c. : from the Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society The history of Cork ([Cork : Cork :, 1892)
    • Mandelblatt, Bertie, ‘A Transatlantic Commodity: Irish Salt Beef in the French Atlantic World’ in History Workshop Journal, lxiii, no. 1 (2007), pp 18–47
    • McCarthy, Mark, ‘The Forging of an Atlantic Port City: Socio-Economic and Physical Transformations in Cork, 1660–1700’ in Urban History, xxviii, no. 01 (2001), pp 25–45
    • ---, The Historical Geography of Cork’s Transformation from a Late Medieval Town into an Atlantic Port City, 1600-1700, 1997
    • Mokyr, Joel (ed.), The Economics of the Industrial Revolution (London, 1985)
    • ---, Why Ireland starved: A Quantitative and Analytical History of the Irish Economy, 1800-1850 (London, 1985)
    • Morgan, Kenneth, Bristol and the Atlantic Trade in the Eighteenth Century (Cambridge, 1993)
    • Murphy, Maura, ‘Cork Commercial Society 1850-1899: Politics and Problems’ in Cities and Merchants: French and Irish Perspectives on Urban Development, 1500-1900 (Dublin, 1986)
    • Murray, Alice, A History of the Commercial and Financial Relations between England and Ireland, from the Period of the Restoration (London, 1903)
    • Nash, R. C., ‘Irish Atlantic Trade in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’ in The William and Mary Quarterly, xlii, no. 3 (1985), pp 329–356
    • Ní Chinnéide, Síle, ‘A New View of Cork City in 1790’ in Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, lxxviii (1973), pp 1–13
    • O’Brien, John, ‘The Hacketts: Glimpses of Entrepreneurial Life in Cork 1800-1870’ in Journals of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, xc, no. 249 (1985), pp 150–157
    • ---, ‘Merchants in Cork before the Famine’ in Cities and merchants: French and Irish Perspectives on Urban Development, 1500-1900 (Dublin, 1986)
    • O’Donovan, James, ‘The Anatomy of the Volunteers in Cork, 1775-82: Part 1’ in Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, LXXXVII (1982), pp 27–42
    • ---, ‘The Anatomy of the Volunteers in Cork, 1775-82: Part 2’ in Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, LXXXVII (1982), pp 118–27
    • Ó Drisceoil, Diarmuid and Donal Ó Drisceoil, Serving a City: The Story of Cork’s English Market (Cork, 2011)
    • ---, The Murphy’s Story: The History of Lady’s Well Brewery, Cork (Cork, 1997)
    • Ó Drisceoil, Donal and Diarmuid Ó Drisceoil, Beamish & Crawford: The History of an Irish Brewery, 2015
    • O’Flanagan, Patrick, ‘Three Hundred Years of Urban Life: Villages and Towns in County Cork c. 1600-1901’ in Cork: History & Society: Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County (Irish County History Series, v.6, Dublin, 1993), pp 391–468
    • O’Flanagan, Patrick and Cornelius G. Buttimer, Cork : History & Society : Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish county (Dublin :, 1993)
    • O’Hearn, Denis, ‘Ireland in the Atlantic Economy’ in Terrence McDonough, (ed.), Was Ireland a Colony? Economy, Politics, Ideology and Culture in Nineteenth-century Ireland (Dublin ; Portland, OR, 2005), pp 3–26
    • O’Mahony, Colman, ‘Shipbuilding and Repairing in Nineteenth century Cork’ in Journals of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, xciv (1989), pp 74–87
    • ---, ‘Industry at Crosse’s Green’ in Journals of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, civ (1999), pp 59–68
    • O’Shea, James, The Sheas and the Cork Catholic Merchant Community 1750-1800, 2007
    • ---, ‘Henry Shea: Corks First Mercantile Tycoon?’ in Journals of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, cxvi (2011), pp 120–130
    • O’Sullivan, William, The Economic History of Cork City from the Earliest Times to the Act of Union (Dublin ; Cork, 1937)
    • Pettit, Sean F., This City of Cork: 1700-1900 (Cork, 1977)
    • Rynne, Colin, At the Sign of the Cow: The Cork Butter Market, 1770-1924 (Cork, 1998)
    • ---,The Industrial Archaeology of Cork City and its Environs, 1750-1930 (Dublin :, 1991)
    • Solar, Peter M., ‘The Irish Butter Trade in the Nineteenth Century: New Estimates and Their Implications’ in Studia Hibernica, no. 25 (1990), pp 134–161
    • ---, ‘Shipping and Economic Development in Nineteenth-Century Ireland’ in The Economic History Review, lix, no. 4 (2006), pp 717–742
    • Truxes, Thomas M., Irish-American Trade, 1660-1783 (Cambridge [England] ; New York, 1988)
    • Unknown, County and City of Cork: Its History, Archaeology, Topography, Literature, Natural History, Geology &c.: From the Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society (Cork, 1892)